World accommodating cult
Sociological theory presents the church as the ideal type of religious body accommodating to the world and the sect as the ideal type of the protest group, protesting both the church’s accommodation to the world and the world itself.The sect’s refusal to compromise with secular values and institutions may find expression in either an active or a passive form. Richard Niebuhr (1929), Liston Pope (1942), and others have delineated the sequential pattern in the course of which sects themselves are accommodated to the secular society and make their own compromise with the world.anti-Vietnam movement, civil rights movement)Denomination or Death:sects don't survive more than one generation due to the second generation being less committed, the ideology not being sustainable in the long-term, loss of a charasmatic leader Life cycles of NRMs: rejecting (change stance as time passes, few survive in long-term), affirming (adapts to suit market e.g.Church and sect Social bases of sectarianism Allied types of religious protest Typological study of sects BIBLIOGRAPHYThe term “sect” is used in the sociology of religion to designate a particular kind of religious group.The sect expresses defiance of the world or withdrawal from it, a greater or lesser rejection of the legitimacy of the demands of the secular sphere.It emphasizes a conversion experience prior to joining.The church is characterized by what is virtually membership on the basis of birth for the children of believers, although formally all are members through baptism.Thus, the practice of infant baptism is characteristic of churches, and churches become educational agencies.
methodist church, hierarchy but not tied to the state, appeals to wide audience but not universal appeal of church,supports dominant norms, represent significan minhority instead of a majority) Cult: (least organisaed, individualistic, small ,loose-knit, no sharply defined beliefs)Wallis' new religious movements: e.g.Hence there are two fundamental sect types: the militant oppositionist sect, which is active in its antagonism to the world, and the passive sect, which prefers withdrawal to militant defiance. The birth of children to the sectaries, the better adjustment to conditions of life, including an increasing prosperity, and the passage of time itself—all contribute to a routinization of the sect into an established sociological entity which has accepted the social world in which it exists.